Antibiotic Resistance Is Ancient

first_imgAn isolated tribe in a remote place in Amazonia has antibiotic resistance genes in its gut bacteria.An icon of evolution is antibiotic resistance. Supposedly, after the introduction of antibiotics in the 20th century, bacteria “evolved” the ability to resist their toxic effects. Since some antibiotics are synthetic, and the body still develops resistance, the story is that evolution is quick to evolve resistance by natural selection.That story has undergone a challenge by a new study of a previously uncontacted group of Yanomami people in a remote region of Venezuela. Researchers gathered stool samples for study, and found that the people had a wider variety of gut biota than westerners. Among the bacteria were species that had antibiotic resistance genes—including the ability to fight synthetic antibiotics. This was reported by Science Magazine reporter Ann Gibbons, who said scientists find this troubling:The medical team’s interviews with these Yanomami villagers found they were never given drugs or exposed to food or water with antibiotics. Instead, Dantas suggests that the Yanomami gut bacteria have evolved an armory of methods to fight a wide range of toxins that threaten them—just as our ancestors and other primates have done to fight dangerous microbes. For example, the Yanomami bacteria may already have encountered toxins that occur naturally in their environment that are similar in molecular structure to modern antibiotics, but have yet to be discovered by scientists. Or, gut bacteria in humans have evolved a generalized mechanism for detecting certain features shared by all antibiotics—including the synthetic ones designed by scientists—and so can mount a defense against new threats.The discovery is troubling because it suggests that “antibiotic resistance is ancient, diverse, and astonishingly widespread in nature—including within our own bodies,” says anthropologist Christina Warinner of the University of Oklahoma in Norman, who is not a co-author. “Such findings and their implications explain why antibiotic resistance was so quick to develop after the introduction of therapeutic antibiotics, and why we today should be very concerned about the proper use and management of antibiotics in both clinical and agricultural contexts.”It’s still possible that the people are not as isolated as thought, since they obtained machetes, cans and T-shirts, Live Science says. If the conclusions of the researchers are valid, though, it undermines a claim for rapid evolution, and gives credence to the creationist counter-argument that resistance genes were already present in the bacteria and did not arise de novo. Nature‘s coverage said nothing about evolution.For decades, evolutionists have pointed to antibiotic resistance as proof of evolution in debates and articles. No wonder this is troubling. It’s also another instance of the facts forcing them to push the origin of things into the unobserved past.The warfare metaphor is misleading. Nature is full of pushes and pulls that usually provide balance (homeostasis). Bacteria are not the evildoers they are often portrayed to be; nor are antibiotics the good guys with the white hats. We couldn’t live without most bacteria. There’s more of them than our own cells inside our bodies. Most of what they do is beneficial for both them and us. We can envision our Creator providing balance in the beginning, but loosening that balance at the curse on sin, leading to sickness and death. He has also given mankind the brains to figure out how things work, so that we can attempt to restore the balance as far as possible.The contrast of the evolutionists’ mission with Jim Elliott’s mission is striking. Elliott and his colleagues went to remote Amazon tribes to win them to Christ; the biologists went to dig into their scat. For sure, some of them wished to help the tribes people with their diseases, particularly the children. But it’s apparent they also wanted to find evidence for evolution. The findings were contrary to their expectations.We’re not saying the missions are necessarily mutually exclusive. You can go to a tribe to help them spiritually and physically. Many missionaries, in fact, do that. There are terrific medical missionary teams around the world that build hospitals in foreign lands, ministering to the body and the spirit of the poor. Ministering to the spirit is a doorway to people’s minds as well as hearts, giving them the worldview tools to understand themselves and their world. That, in turn, can lead to better understanding of science and healthy living. If the motivation is to use people as guinea pigs for Darwin, though, that would indeed be troubling. (Visited 100 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

IPL 2011: All teams set to earn profit form fourth edition of IPL

first_imgThe financial health of the IPL franchise owners is once again under scrutiny.Are they in the pink of health or not? A Headlines Today research points out that barring Deccan Chargers, all other seven franchises made an operating profit in IPL-III. Data for IPL-IV reveals that all 10 franchisees should turn in profits this year. Most analysts reckon that India winning the World Cup will act as a catalyst in terms of gate receipts, in-stadia sponsorships and advertising revenues.Moreover, the ballast will be provided by revenue share from the broadcasting pie.Kings XI made an operating profit of Rs 29 crore last year while Chennai Super Kings made Rs 21 crore and only Deccan Chargers was in the red. Operating profit in the case of IPL teams is essentially income minus expenditure, so cash profit.IPL team valuations went into the stratosphere after Sahara Adventure Sports purchased the Pune team for $ 370 million or Rs 1,702 crore and Rendezvous Sports bought the Kochi team for $ 333 million or Rs 1,531 crore in auctions for this season.Of the central broadcasting revenues, the pool has enlarged with two new teams, in the fourth and fifth years, BCCI gets 30 per cent while the rest is split between the 10 franchises. As far as central sponsorship revenues are concerned, between the first and the tenth year, BCCI gets 40 per cent while the rest is split between the teams.The name of the game is enter low, which translates into paying the least amount as franchise fee.For instance, Emerging Media bought the franchise for $ 67 million, which breaks down to $ 6.7 million to be paid to BCCI per year. For the new franchisees, this is going to be the biggest entry barrier because at $ 370 million, Pune has to pay $ 37 million per year as franchise fee which is prohibitive.advertisementWhen Rajasthan Royals owner Emerging Media last year sold 12 per cent of its stake in the franchise to Kuki Investments, owned by Shilpa Shetty and husband Raj Kundra, the team was valued at $ 140 million (Rs 644 crore), more than double the price it was bought for, $ 67 million.Sean Morris, CEO Rajasthan Royals said: “IPL-4 is a massive year for us. Finances are in the pink. Last year we had 10 sponsors, this year we have 18 sponsors already. Looking good is all I can say.” IIFL research points out that the most profitable franchises will earn Rs 108 crore, spend Rs 65 crore, thus making a profit of Rs 43 crore while the least profitable will earn Rs 114 crore and spend Rs 95 crore, making a profit of Rs 18 crore.It is also felt that IPL continues to be a significant contributor to the bottomline for the listed companies.It is estimated that the respective IPL teams in a normal season would contribute 5-10 per cent of profits for GMR, United Spirits, India Cements and Deccan Chronicle.Without doubt, team sponsorship is the largest franchise-level revenue source for teams after the central broadcasting pool. Mumbai Indians have used Tendulkar effectively while Delhi Daredevils have sweated their principal asset, Virender Sehwag.Mumbai Indians earned Rs 24.6 crore from sponsorship revenue and gate fee in 2009-10. Delhi Daredevils earned Rs 48 crore as sponsorship fee during the year-ending March 31, 2010.Last year, several new revenue streams opened up – IPL’s three-year deal with Google for live telecast on Youtube, licensing deal with Colors for devising IPL-based shows, Maxx Mobile for strategic time out, MRF for the blimp among others. However, in the post-Lalit Modi era, it is unclear how these will pan out this year.last_img read more

76ers overcome Joel Embiid’s absence to beat Heat

first_imgPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hosting MOST READ SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte “He was our bell-ringer tonight,” Philadelphia coach Brett Brown said.Tobias Harris had 12 of his 23 points in the fourth quarter and JJ Redick hit a late 3-pointer to help Philadelphia win its first game without Embiid. He’s expected to miss at least a week with a sore left knee.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesDwyane Wade scored 19 points for Miami, and Dion Waiters added 18.Miami led 99-98 after Wade’s runner with 1:56 left. Marjanovic made two free throws to put Philadelphia ahead 100-99. Following Wade’s missed jumper, Redick drained the 3 from the top of the key to make it 103-99 with 1:04 left. “It’s cool to be on the floor with a legend,” Simmons said. “It’s an amazing feeling.”Simmons, who had 21 points, seven rebounds and four assists, said he wore Wade’s brand of sneakers as a kid.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss LATEST STORIES Zion’s freak injury ripples in basketball, business worlds Added Harris, “I was surprised he didn’t shoot a 3 tonight because he had it going.”Marjanovic, starting for Embiid, had 11 points and seven rebounds to help Philadelphia to a 23-13 lead before being lifted with 3:34 left in the first quarter. He returned 3 1/2 minutes into the second, finishing the half with 16 points and eight rebounds while making all six of his field-goal attempts to help the 76ers to a 57-50 halftime lead.He finished 6 for 7 from the field and 7 for 10 from the free-throw line.“He’s incredibly skilled for a man of his size,” Brown said.Wade’s exitThe 37-year-old Wade, playing in his last season, was honored early in the first quarter with a highlight video that included a tribute from 76ers great Allen Iverson. Philadelphia fans gave Wade a standing ovation following the video, and the Miami star pounded his heart and waved back in appreciation.Wade was touched by the tribute, particularly by Iverson’s inclusion. After Michael Jordan, Iverson was Wade’s favorite player growing up.“To take myself out of the moment and think 20-something odd years later, Allen Iverson would be the one, his voice would be the one dedicating something to me in this arena, in his city, I couldn’t have written it any sweeter, any better,” Wade said.Passing the torchSimmons and Wade exchanged jerseys after the game. Fresh off his first All-Star appearance and a rising star in the league, Simmons reflected on playing against Wade. Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations Philadelphia 76ers’ Ben Simmons, left, and Miami Heat’s Dwyane Wade pose after swapping jerseys following an NBA basketball game Thursday, Feb. 21, 2019, in Philadelphia. Philadelphia won 106-102. (AP Photo/Matt Slocum)PHILADELPHIA, Pennsylvania—Boban Marjanovic covered up All-Star center Joel Embiid’s absence — at least for a night.Marjanovic had 19 points and 12 rebounds and made three key free throws in the final 1 1/2 minutes to help Philadelphia 76ers beat the Miami Heat 106-102 on Thursday night.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Urgent reply from Philippine ‍football chief Kelly Olynyk then missed a 3-point attempt, and Marjanovic made the first of two free throws with 38.3 ticks left to put Philadelphia up five.“He was fantastic,” Redick said about Marjanovic. “He really stepped up for us tonight.”Perhaps the only way Marjanovic didn’t impersonate Embiid was after the game, as he was unavailable for comment due to treatment — quite unlike the loquacious and quotable Embiid.It was left to his teammates to speak for his performance.“He’s a bucket,” Butler said. “All you have to do is throw it to him.”ADVERTISEMENT PDEA chief backs Robredo in revealing ‘discoveries’ on drug war View commentslast_img read more