Apple T2 security chip has Touch ID Security Enclave hardware to prevent

first_imgApple’s special event held in Brooklyn yesterday, saw the unveiling of a host of new hardware and software including the MacBook Air 2018 and the Mac mini. Along with this, Apple also published a complete security overview white paper that minutely lists the details of its T2 security chip incorporated into the  Mac mini and MacBook Air. The chip disconnects the device’s microphone when the laptop is closed. It also prevents tampering of data while introducing a strict level of security for its devices. Let’s look at features of this chip that caught our attention. #1 Disabling the microphone on closing the laptop One of the major features of the T2 chip is disconnecting the device’s microphone when the laptop is closed. The chip first introduced in last year’s iMac Pro, is upgraded to prevent any kind of malware from eavesdropping on a user’s conversation once the laptop’s lid is shut. Apple further notes that the camera is not disabled because, the field of view of the lens is completely obstructed while the lid is closed #2 Security Enclave The Secure Enclave is a coprocessor incorporated within the system on chip (SoC) of the Apple T2 Security Chip. IIt provides dedicated security by protecting the necessary cryptographic keys for FileVault and secure boot. What’s more? It processes fingerprint data from the Touch ID sensor and checks if a match is present. Apple further mentions that its limited function is a virtue: “Security is enhanced by the fact that the hardware is limitedto specific operations.” #3 Storage Encryption The Apple T2 Security Chip has a dedicated AES crypto engine built into the DMA path between the flash storage and main system memory. It makes it really efficient to perform internal volume encryption using FileVault with AES-XTS . The Mac unique ID (UID) and a device group ID (GID) are AES 256-bit keys included in the Secure Enclave during manufacturing. It is designed in such a way that no software or firmware can read the keys directly. The keys can be used only by the AES engine dedicated to the Secure Enclave. The UID is unique to each device and is generated completely within the Secure Enclave rather than in a manufacturing system outside of the device. Hence, the UID key isn’t available for access or storage by Apple or any Apple suppliers. Software that is run on the Secure Enclave takes advantage of the UID to protect Touch ID data, FileVault class keys, and the Keychain. #4 Touch ID The T2 chip processes the data from the Touch ID to authenticate a user. The Touch ID is a mathematical representation of the fingerprint which is encrypted and stored on the device. It is then protected with a key available only to the Secure Enclave which is used to  verify a match with the enrolled information. The data cannot be accessed by macOS or by any apps running on it and is never stored on Apple servers, nor is it backed up to iCloud. Thus ensuring that only authenticated users can access the device. #5 Secure Boot The T2 Security Chip ensures that each step of the startup process contains components that cryptographically signed by Apple to verify integrity. The boot process proceeds only after verifying the integrity of the software at every step. When a Mac computer with the T2 chip is turned on, the chip will execute code from read-only memory known as the Boot ROM. This unchangeable code, referred to as the hardware root of trust, is laid down during chip fabrication and audited for vulnerabilities to ensure all-round security of the process. These robust features of the T2 chip is definitely something to watch out for. You can read the whitepaper to understand more about the chip’s features. Read Next Apple and Amazon take punitive action against Bloomberg’s ‘misinformed’ hacking storyApple now allows U.S. users to download their personal data via its online privacy data portalCould Apple’s latest acquisition yesterday of an AR lens maker signal its big plans for its secret Apple car?last_img read more

Degiorgios say Daphne report impacts their right to fair trial

first_img SharePrint A new constitutional case has been filed by two brothers accused of carrying out the murder of journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia, saying that a report assuming their guilt impacts their right to a fair trial.In the latest constitutional case filed by the brothers, George and Alfred Degiorgio argue that the Council of Europe report calling for an inquiry into Caruana Galizia’s murder, fundamentally breached their human rights.The Degiorgios state that the report by Rapporteur Pieter Omtzigt, which was recently approved by the Council of Europe, has assumed their guilt and that they acted on orders from another person or body.Read more:Daphne murder: CoE report presumed guilt as fact -Degiorgio brothersDegiorgio brothers in fresh bail request; claim human rights breachBoth men along with a third named Vincent Muscat were taken into custody in December 2017 and later charged with placing a bomb in the car that Caruana Galizia was using. They claimed that the proceedings against them have been carried out too quickly.According to the rapporteur for the Daphne report into the background context of her murder, the report had opened on three assumptions focused on the planning and premeditation of the murder, the motive being connected to Caruana Galizia’s work and those suspected were taking orders from someone else.The Omtzigt report stressed that if those suspected were, ‘not soon indicted…will have to be released without ever having given evidence in court. No one has been arrested for ordering the assassination.’Along with concern over finding and trying those responsible, the report also layered blame on the government for not acting quickly enough.They also requested that the government set up an independent and public inquiry within three months. Foreign Minister Carmelo Abela announced yesterday that this would be taking place.Read more:Updated: Watch: ‘We will abide with CoE. Public inquiry into Caruana Galizia murder to be launched within 3 months’ – Minister Abela‘Government should launch public inquiry into Caruana Galizia murder now’ – RepubblikaPACE Rapporteur welcomes Maltese govt’s launch of Daphne public inquiryOmtzigt duly welcomed the response from the government, stating that inquiry must not impinge on the criminal investigation.The Degiorgios have called on the court to uphold their request on the grounds that they faced rights breaches as well as demanding the protection of their rights and compensation.WhatsApp <a href=’;cb={random}’ target=’_blank’><img src=’;cb={random}&amp;n=ab2c8853&amp;ct0={clickurl_enc}’ border=’0′ alt=” /></a>last_img read more