The Standing Rock Sioux tribe’s recent protests against building the Dakota Access Pipeline under their lands marked another chapter in the long history of struggles Native Americans have faced to protect their property, resources, and way of life, speakers told a Harvard audience Friday.The panel at the Science Center emphasized the importance of bringing historical perspective to the fight over the pipeline in North Dakota, which is to go under an area that provides drinking water, and of linking the protests to such broader themes as national sovereignty, oppression of people, and destruction of the natural environment.“What was clear was that this was about … protecting water supplies, but it was far more about history, about a very long and deep history,” said moderator Lisa McGirr, a Harvard professor of history.McGirr said that during a visit she made this past fall to the main protest camp, Oceti Sakowin, she saw firsthand “the incredible devotion, dedication, passion, sacrifice, and spirit” of the protesters.Sponsored by the Charles Warren Center for Studies in American History and the Harvard University Native American Program, the forum came a month after the camp was cleared by authorities, effectively ending the protest. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers earlier that month had approved the project.Supported by other opponents, the Standing Rock Sioux contend that the pipeline, which is being built under the Missouri River near the tribe’s reservation, endangers the drinking water supply and would pass through some of its sacred lands.Jeffrey Ostler, professor of Northwest and Pacific History at the University of Oregon, said he was struck by the way the Standing Rock episode echoes “an earlier history of settler colonialism in the 19th century.”Ostler cited an 1874 military expedition led by Gen. George Armstrong Custer that confirmed rumors of gold on sacred Lakota land in the Black Hills of South Dakota, and a subsequent expedition led by Col. Richard Dodge. He said Dodge’s report on his mission was a “bundle of lies,” falsely claiming that the land had never been a permanent home for Indians and that the Lakotas did not want it.A poster advertising the event alludes to the anticipated polluting of the Missouri River by the Dakota Access Pipeline. Kris Snibbe/Harvard Staff Photographer“When I hear accounts of pipeline proponents dismissing the water protectors’ claims that the pipeline’s construction has damaged graves and other sacred sites and that it threatens a sacred resource, water … I can’t help but place them in a long history of settler colonial claims,” he said.Chase Iron Eyes, a member of the Standing Rock Sioux and South Dakota counsel for the Lakota People’s Law Project, said the centuries of mistreatment of Native Americans are part of a wider historical story of the oppressive effects of colonization.“For me, colonization not only represents what happened to us but what happened to you,” he said, “to those of you who are of Anglo descent who were separated from your food source … whose minds were separated from their spirits.”The peaceful protesters were “trying to exercise and protect their inherent right, but also every American’s constitutional rights,” Chase Iron Eyes said.Nick Estes, a member of the Lower Brule Sioux, also sought to put the pipeline episode in the broader context of the impact of racism, colonialism, and capitalism, topics he explores in a forthcoming book.“In the 1870s, capital wanted the gold in the Black Hills. In the 1890s, capital wanted more land for white settlers in South Dakota,” he said. And in the 1950s, he said, the need for water to meet irrigation and public drinking supply needs led to the creation of dams on the Missouri River that flooded more than 300,000 acres of mostly Sioux land.“Over 1,000 indigenous families were forcefully dislocated from the reservation territories,” said Estes, adding that the dams “personified” settler colonialism and capitalism. Now, “We have oil pipelines saving the economy at the expense of indigenous peoples. The oils themselves personify capitalism because they solidify settler states’ control over indigenous lands.”“Self-defense sometimes means putting your body between settlers and their money,” he said. He praised the water protectors “for reminding us of that.”Jace Cuney DeCory, a member of the Cheyenne River Sioux and assistant professor of history and American Indian studies at Black Hills State University, said her family was among those displaced by the Missouri River dam project.“My grandmother was saddened because their lands were flooded,” she said. “And we talk about flooding lands now with oil and gas pipelines. It seems like history repeats itself.”But she sounded a note of optimism.“We’ve survived as a people because our ancestors did not give up,” DeCory said. “We are resilient. We’re strong. We’re spiritual people. Our voices are being heard, finally.”
Two years ago, Dell Technologies unleashed the world’s fastest storage array, Dell EMC PowerMax, delivering new levels of performance and scalability with the industry’s richest feature-set, helping customers address pressing IT challenges of today and tomorrow. Last year, we were the first vendor to introduce storage class memory as persistent storage.Today, we push the boundaries of high-end storage further with new PowerMax features and enhancements designed to help simplify the management of mission critical workloads, provide native cloud mobility and deliver even greater security.VMware and Dell EMC PowerMax Integration: Dell Technologies and VMware combined forces to add mission-critical availability and the highest scalability to VMware Virtual Volumes (vVols). As customers modernize their infrastructure and move from a hardware-centric storage approach to an application-centric approach for managing storage with VMware vVols, Dell EMC is delivering the world’s fastest storage array1, PowerMax, for running virtual volumes at scale (64,000 vVols) with the highest levels of data resiliency.Today, we are announcing that customers can deploy VMware Site Recovery Manager (SRM 8.3) for vVols with PowerMax SRDF/A replication for automated VM movement between sites to ensure maximum availability for mission-critical applications. VMware vVols incorporates storage policy-based management (SPBM) to significantly simplify both storage and VM administration in provisioning storage, establishing replication groups, and automating site recovery operations in the event of a system failover.Combining PowerMax SRDF, the gold standard in remote replication, with VMware’s storage capabilities accelerates the IT modernization journey for our customers and delivers on the promise of simple, resilient, scalable storage.Cloud Mobility for Dell EMC PowerMaxDell EMC’s storage systems easily extend to the cloud to address rapid data growth and to optimize data center resources with simple and efficient data mobility to and from public and hybrid clouds. Today’s announcement, Cloud Mobility for Dell EMC PowerMax, offers seamless and transparent movement of data from on-premises to cloud, enabling PowerMax customers to leverage lower cost object storage in cloud for agile and economic benefits, reducing the cost per GB for long-term data retention by up to 50%2.“Using Cloud Mobility for Dell EMC PowerMax will help our organization optimize storage resources with on-premises high performance workloads, while leveraging private cloud for long-term retention in a way that meets our compliance requirements”, said Thorsten Tüllmann, Systems Engineer, KIT.Archiving and long-term retention are primary examples of how PowerMax customers can leverage Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, or Dell EMC ECS for low-cost object storage. PowerMax data can be recovered back to the source PowerMax if needed. In addition to the economic benefit, archiving to the cloud frees up capacity for on-premises PowerMax arrays to support higher priority applications on-premises — extending the useful life of PowerMax.PowerMax data stored in the cloud can also be made available to an AWS system for secondary processing such as reporting, test/development, and data analytics. Customers can deploy the Dell EMC vApp free of charge from the Amazon Marketplace to transfer PowerMax snapshot data from Amazon S3 object storage to Amazon elastic block storage (EBS).PowerMax Smart DR Sets New Standard for Data ResiliencyDell EMC continues to raise the bar for delivering the industry’s highest availability storage systems. The latest PowerMax innovation extends SRDF/Metro active/active replication by adding Smart DR (disaster recovery) for unmatched data resiliency combined with increased efficiency.Smart DR copies data from both primary arrays to one remote array to maintain data resiliency (DR operations) even if one primary array becomes unavailable. Copying the data to one remote array saves 50% of storage capacity while reducing the SRDF/A network bandwidth needs³, helping customers realize data resiliency and efficiency from their SRDF/Metro Smart DR investment.Unmatched Security Safeguards Customer DataNew PowerMax security features deliver on the goal of safeguarding mission-critical customer data from unwanted intrusion or cyberattacks. PowerMax end-to-end efficient encryption enables customers to secure storage assets by encrypting data from the host to the storage media on PowerMax. Dell Technologies has partnered with Thales Inc., a leading security firm, to integrate host-based encryption and PowerMax data reduction technology to secure PowerMax data while customers receive 3.5:1 data reduction, guaranteed.“An organization’s most valuable and demanding application data needs robust security without compromising efficiency,” said Charles Goldberg, VP Encryption Product Marketing at Thales. “The latest version of Vormetric Transparent Encryption software from Thales enables security without impacting Dell’s industry-leading storage efficiency techniques. No other file-level encryption solution can accomplish these significant savings on PowerMax.”In addition, PowerMax has been through Cybersecurity STIG hardening that is required to get on the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Approved Products List (APL). Both Federal agencies and non-Federal customers around the world will benefit from PowerMax security hardening.These latest security enhancements, when combined with existing security features such as secure snapshots, tamper-proof audit logs, secure access controls, assures customers that their data is safe with PowerMax.Flexible Consumption with Dell Technologies On DemandWith Dell Technologies On Demand, PowerMax customers can respond to workload spikes and new service requests with elastic capacity and cloud economics. Several payment solutions with short-and-long term commitment options are available, including a one-year term for flexible consumption.AvailabilityDell EMC PowerMax and today’s featured announcements are now generally available globally.Additional resourcesVisit this webpage for more information: Dell EMC PowerMaxConnect with Dell via Twitter, Facebook, YouTube and LinkedInDell Technologies Press Release for VMWorld 2020PowerMax vVols SRM 8.3 integration blog on Virtual BlocksDell EMC storage with VMware blog for VMworld 2020 ¹ Based on Dell EMC internal analysis of max bandwidth (64K blocks) of the PowerMax 8000 (350GB/s) versus max bandwidth of competitive mainstream arrays, August 2020. Actual performance will vary.² Based on Dell EMC internal analysis, June 2020. Savings calculated comparing the cost of storing 6 months of Snaps (on avg. 55% capacity consumed) over 3 years on PowerMax 8000 for 1246TB vs. using Cloud Mobility to store snaps in the AWS Public Cloud on Amazon S3 Standard storage. Costs in US dollars. Actual savings will vary.³ Based on Dell EMC internal analysis, comparing capacity and network bandwidth for PowerMax SRDF/Metro redundant systems with full DR protection vs. PowerMax SRDF/Metro Smart DR redundant systems with full DR protection. Actual savings may vary. August 2020.