04 Vegetable diseases

first_imgVolume XXXNumber 1Page 4 “Most vegetables are susceptible to a number of diseases,” saidDavid Langston, a vegetable plant pathologist with the Universityof Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.Wilts, leaf spots, blights and fruit rots, he said, are just afew of the problems that plague vegetable gardens every year.Plant diseases are caused by four main types of organisms: fungi,bacteria, nematodes and viruses.Vegetable plants are more susceptible to diseases caused by fungiand bacteria when conditions are wet and warm. Scout your gardenregularly.When the garden is dry, nematode damage is more evident. You cantest your soil for nematodes by submitting a sample through yourcounty UGA Extension Service office.Viral diseases can show up at any time, Langston said.Careful plantingMany plant diseases can be on or within the seeds. “Seeds shouldnot be saved from year to year,” he said. “This is important toprevent a number of diseases.”Buy seeds from a reputable dealer. You can’t distinguish healthyseeds from diseased seeds. Make sure you follow directions onwhen and how to plant them.Disease-resistant plant varieties are the most efficient way ofcontrolling vegetable diseases. Buy resistant varieties when youcan. Resistance traits are usually listed in seed catalogs and inplant stores.Don’t plant your garden near or beneath trees. The shade willreduce the drying of plant foliage after rain and increase thechances of diseases. Besides, vegetables like a lot of sunlight,and the trees will compete for vital nutrients.Another keyCrop rotation is important. If you keep planting the samevegetables in the same spot year after year, you’re asking forsoil-borne disease problems.Grow the same or closely related vegetable plants in the samesoil only once every three to five years, Langston said. Thispractice starves out most pathogens that cause stem and leafdiseases.Vegetable families include: By Brad HaireUniversity of GeorgiaDiseases can turn the dream of a bountiful garden crop into anightmare come harvest time. But gardeners can do a few things toprotect their vegetables. Alliaceae (chives, garlic, leeks and onions).Apiaceae (carrots).Asteraceae (lettuce).Brassicaceae (broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage,cauliflower, collards, mustard, radishes, rutabagas andturnips).Chenopodiaceae (spinach)Cucurbitaceae (cantaloupes, cucumbers, honeydew melons,pumpkins, squash and watermelons).Fabaceae (all beans, English peas and Southern peas).Malvaceae (okra).Poaceae (corn).Solanaceae (eggplant, peppers, potatoes and tomatoes). “Trap crops” can reduce viral diseases carried by small insects.Plant a few rows of a crop like rye or corn around your maingarden. This will tempt insects to feed there first, reducing therisk of diseases some small insects are known to carry.When you water the garden, don’t splash soil onto plant foliage.If possible, run the water between the rows. Use a mulch layer ofstraw, bark, shredded paper or plastic to keep soil fromsplashing onto plants and keep fruit from touching bare ground.If you use tobacco, wash your hands thoroughly before handlingplants. This will prevent the spread of tobacco mosaic virus,which can infect many kinds of vegetables, particularly tomatoesand peppers.After harvest, remove and destroy all plants from the garden andsanitize your garden equipment. This will reduce theoverwintering of disease-causing organisms.Most important, use proper cultural practices to keep your plantshealthy. “Healthy plants don’t get diseases as easily as weakones,” Langston said. “Healthy plants are the best controlagainst plant diseases.”(Brad Haire is a news editor with the University of GeorgiaCollege of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.)last_img read more

Stephens routs Keys for US Open title, first Slam crown

first_imgSet 1Key points in Saturday’s US Open women’s singles final between Madison Keys (USA x15) and Sloane Stephens (USA): In the second set, Stephens broke with a forehand crosscourt winner past on outstretched Keys to grab a 2-0 edge, then broke again on a double fault for a 4-0 lead, Keys swatting the ball with her left hand as it bounced back at her.Keys forced triple break point in the fifth game but Stephens saved them all and held to 5-0.The end came after 61 minutes on Stephens’ third break and championship point when Keys netted a forehand.Hands on hips, Stephens simply stood for a few seconds with a stunned expression, then smiled and made a tiny fist pump before going to the net to share a teary-eyed hug with Keys.Neither Keys, 22, nor Stephens, 24, had ever reached a Slam final, only the seventh time in the Open Era (since 1967) two first-timers met for a women’s Slam title.But it was the second time in three years it happened at Arthur Ashe Stadium after Flavia Pennetta beat Roberta Vinci in 2015’s all-Italian final. Stephens 6-3+ Colorful start to the evening as service personnel of the US Marine Corps and cadets from West Point unfurl a huge American flag on Arthur Ashe court+ First break of final as Keys hits long, Stephens leads 3-2+ Keys goes long on set point and set is over after just 30 minutesKey stat: Keys winners/unforced errors 10/17; Stephens 2/2Top tweet: “Definitely looks like Madison Ave Keys movement a bit off going to her fearhand going to have to be more aggressive.”— Former player and coach, now TV pundit, Brad Gilbert @bgtennisnationSet 2Stephens 6-0+ Stephens in complete control, passing shot winner for the break and 2-0; holds and it’s 3-0+ Keys broken again on double fault and trails 0-4+ Keys has her first break points of final but can’t convert any of the three. Stephens 5-0 ahead+ Stephens wins on third match point when Keys nets forehand after just 61 minutes of action.Key stat: Total unforced errors for match – Keys 30; Stephens 6Top tweet/comment: “Best moment of the tournament was at the net just then — aw.”— Australian player Daria Gavrilova on the emotional Stephens/Keys embrace at the net @Daria_gav****Recent US Open women’s champions after Sloane Stephens beat Madison Keys 6-3, 6-0 in Saturday’s final:2017: Sloane Stephens (USA)2016: Angelique Kerber (GER)2015: Flavia Pennetta (ITA)2014: Serena Willliams (USA)2013: Serena Willliams (USA)2012: Serena Willliams (USA)2011: Samantha Stosur (AUS)2010: Kim Clijsters (BEL)2009: Kim Clijsters (BEL)2008: Serena Willliams (USA)Share on: WhatsAppcenter_img US Open tennis champion Sloane StephensNew York, United States | AFP |  Sloane Stephens, sidelined for 11 months by a left foot injury until returning in July, captured her first Grand Slam title by routing fellow American Madison Keys 6-3, 6-0 in Saturday’s US Open final.Stephens took a $3.7 million (3.07 million euros) top prize from the biggest victory of her career, pitted against one of her closest friends in the first all-US final since 2002 on the New York hardcourts.With the 15th victory in her past 17 matches, Stephens became only the fifth unseeded player to win a women’s Slam title, although Latvia’s Jelena Ostapenko managed the feat at this year’s French Open.The only prior unseeded US Open women’s champion was Kim Clijsters, who came back from retirement to take the 2009 title.Stephens made only six unforced errors in the match to 30 for Keys, who had 18 winners to 10 for the champion.It was the first final set of a US Open women’s championship match where the loser didn’t take a game since Chris Evert beat Evonne Goolagong 6-3, 6-0 in 1976.Keys, seeded 15th, and 83rd-ranked Stephens each fought off injuries to reach the title showdown.Stephens returned at Wimbledon and slid to 957th in world rankings before semi-final runs at US Open tuneups in Toronto and Cincinnati, while Keys underwent her second left wrist surgery after the French Open and won a tuneup title at Stanford.Stephens will jump to 17th in Monday’s world rankings while Keys, who took hom $1.825 million as runner-up, will rise to 12th.In the firset set, Stephens broke to seize a 3-2 lead, Keys swatting a forehand beyond the baseline to surrender the game, and Stephens broke again when Keys send a backhand long to take the set after 30 minutes.Keys made 17 unforced errors in the opening set to just two for Stephens, both in the last game.last_img read more

Banning Cops From Schools Is Officially The Stupidest Idea I’ve Ever Heard

first_imgSeattle, Minneapolis, Portland, and Chicago school districts have already begun the process of not only removing, but banning police presence on school grounds. We have leared nothing from Parkland. ~ Billlast_img

Fishing the North Coast: Halibut opener slowed by heavy currents

first_imgDespite some pretty tough fishing conditions, a good number of halibut were landed out of Eureka earlier this week. On Monday, only a couple boats made it across a very nasty bar. Gary Blasi of Full Throttle Sport Fishing and Tim Klassen of Reel Steel Sport Fishing each stuck it out and landed two and three halibut, respectively. A few more boats made it out on Tuesday, and most of them landed at least one halibut. “Conditions are definitely challenging right now — the current is absolutely …last_img

EVERY OUTDOOR SUMMER MOVIE NIGHT ANNOUNCED IN TORONTO SO FAR

first_img LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Login/Register With: Facebook Advertisement .Toronto Outdoor Picture Show at Fort YorkThe Toronto Outdoor Picture Show is kicking off its opening weekend at Fort York with Thelma & Louise, who set out on a weekend getaway before things go horribly wrong. The next day you can enjoy Misery, Rob Reiner’s psychological horror about a famous author who is rescued from a car crash by his “#1 fan.” Don’t miss out.When: Saturday, June 15 and Sunday, June 16Where: Fort York National Historic Park.Christie Pits Film FestivalChristie Pits Film Festival will kick off its new season on Sunday, June 30, though the film list has yet to be announced. The film festival will conclude on August 25, and if you’d like to stay ultra up-to-date with the movie pickings, you can keep tabs on the festival’s newsletter. As part of the Toronto Outdoor Picture Show, you can anticipate movies of the “Dynamic Duo” theme this year.Although all screenings are free of charge, there is a suggested donation of $10.When: Beginning June 30 and runs until August 25Where: Christie Pits Park, 779 Crawford Ave West.Bell Manor ParkFor the first year, the Toronto Outdoor Picture Show will be offering screenings at Bell Manor Park. The Dynamic Duo theme stretches to this location as well, and a full list of films is soon to be announced.When: Beginning August 8 and runs until August 22Where: Bell Manor Park, 1 Bayside Lane.Corktown Common ParkThis marks the fourth season of outdoor films at Corktown Common Park and this summer, also under the Toronto Outdoor Picture Show umbrella, the public is invited to enjoy a series of films focusing on Dynamic Duos at this location, too!When: Thursday evenings, July 5 to 26 (Scheduled rain date August 2)Where: Corktown Common Park, 155 Bayview Avenue.Open Roof FestivalOpen Roof Festival will be back for its tenth season this June, and the festival will enjoy its second year at a new venue. Starting June 19, Open Roof Festival will feature live music and film screenings with food and drinks. And remember: the event has moved from Sudbury Street to Sterling Road in the Lower Junction Triangle near the new site of MOCA (Museum of Contemporary Art).When: Beginning June 19 and runs until August 22Where: Sterling Road in the Lower Junction Triangle (the lot adjacent to 158 Sterling Road).Regent Park Film FestivalStarting in July, Under The Stars returns to Regent Park for the sixth year in a row, showing widely-loved films that prominently feature Indigenous, Black, and People of Colour on screen. Each week, there will be a pre-show before the film with family-friendly activities that change week to week.When: Beginning July 10 and runs until August 14Where: Regent Park, 585 Dundas Street East.Movie Nights in The Beach VillageMovie Nights are back for 2018! Join The Beach Village for Movie Nights in the Park every Wednesday starting July 4 – August 29. Movies screenings will rotate between Kew Gardens and Ivan Forrest Gardens Park. As always, admission (and popcorn!) is FREE! Come out and experience movies under the stars.When: Wednesdays in July and AugustWhere: Kew Gardens and Ivan Forrest Gardens Park.Sorauren Park Free MoviesToronto’s Sorauren Park will be hosting free movie screenings this summer, with showings happening the fourth Saturday of every month from June to September. Last year, attendees enjoyed pizza dinners before each screening from the Sorauren Park Pizza Oven, prepared and presented by Pizzeria Defina. Fingers crossed the same happens this year!When: Fourth Saturday of the month, June 22 to September 28Where: Sorauren Avenue Park, 289 Sorauren Ave.stackt Market Outdoor Movie ScreeningsNew to the city this year, Toronto’s shipping container market stackt will be screening outdoor movies on their grassy lawn. Peruse through the shipping container shops, enjoy some Belgian Moon and then enjoy a free film, starting with John Wick 2 on May 14.When: Beginning May 14, running dates TBAWhere: stackt, 28 Bathurst St.Union Summer MarketEvery Wednesday from June 5 to July 24, the Union Summer Market will be hosting movie screenings at its outdoor licensed garden patio. The screenings will begin with Bohemian Rhapsody and end with A Star is Born. Bring tissues.When: Beginning June 5 and runs to July 24Where: Union Station, 65 Front Street West, Toronto.Unconfirmed (but hopefully returning this summer)CityPlace Fort York BIA Movie Night SeriesIn previous years, CityPlace Fort York BIA began hosting a movie night once a month up until September. Hopefully, the monthly gathering returns this summer! We’ll be sure to update you once the dates are confirmed.When: TBAWhere: Canoe Landing Park, 95 Fort York Blvd.Free Flicks at Harbourfront CentreHumpdays in the city were always a little sweeter with Free Flicks. The popular Harbourfront series has previously run from June until August, but no announcements have been made regarding this year’s event at this time.When: TBAWhere: Harbourfront Centre, 235 Queens Quay WestBy DailyHive Twittercenter_img Advertisement Advertisement Grab your blankets, snacks, and bikes, and get ready for outdoor movie season, Toronto!Across the city, screens are ready to go up for annual free movie viewing experiences. The summer series fall on different days and in different locations, but we got you covered.All the nights below are free and ready for your enjoyment. Laura Rossi Photographylast_img read more

Dare dream dance

first_imgThe first day of the two-day dancing festival Quarter Fest lll kicked off in the Capital at a high note. Sadhya- a unit of performing arts has organised this event that started off at Indian Habitat Centre on December 8. Santosh Nair is the curator of the show. The fest opened with a performance by Shreya (Production name- Padam). She used her imagery from Bharatanatyam Padams in Shringar (love), Bhakti (devotion), and Vatsalya (affection) traditions. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The piece focused on the personal process of change as she attempts to overcome her disconnect with the classical processes.Next performance was a group performance by Sadhya – Nataraj- the Lord of Dance. It was a tribute to the source of all movements- Shiva. It showcased a beautiful transformation of vision into a visual expression, reflecting Sadhya’s belief of an existence of a beautiful bonding between tradition and modernity. It bought the culture of India-that is strong and limitless, that is bound to its roots and at the same time ready to explore. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixMoving further with the performance by Sanchita and Himanshu Sharma, presented the interpretation of contemporary through their production BE  which was mind full of thoughts about what, why, how when I look, observe, perceive. Day 1 ended with the performance of Rahul Goswami whose exquisite production Proximity portrayed things we cannot explain. Everything that surrounds us has a system. We form a very complex system and finding directions to go beyond is not a possibility. We need to come back to the same place. The second day began with performance by   Meghna Bhardwaj (Production- Ghetto), followed by Neha Sharma (Production- Commerce of Arts), Kamla Nehru College (Production- Yuva Yatra) and  Danceworx (Production- Heartbeat and Thithi) on December 9. The main idea behind Quarter Fest is to bring in varied styles performing the contemporary adding their own touches to it. The festival promises to bring a repertoire of works reflecting varied foundations and their unique style of drawing from the same root – contemporary dance.last_img read more

Kolkata Police STF nabs racketeer seizes fake notes worth Rs 5 lakh

first_imgKolkata: The Special Task Force (STF) of Kolkata Police nabbed a Fake Indian Currency Note (FICN) racketeer identified as Majibur Shaikh, a resident of Baishnabnagar, from Malda on Monday evening. Investigators have recovered FICN worth Rs 5 lakh from him.Sources informed that Shaikh’s name came up to the STF investigators, following the arrest of three FICN racketeers in the month of July. Following the arrest of the trio, investigators had recovered FICN of Rs 500 denomination worth Rs 1 lakh, along with forty semi-finished improvised firearms. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeFollowing the interrogation process, STF raided an illegal arms factory at Kankinara in Jagaddal. Twenty pieces of semi-finished firearms, one lathe machine, two drilling machines and several parts of improvised firearms were seized from the factory. Six persons working in the illegal workshop were arrested.During the follow up investigation, investigators came up with Shaikh’s name. On Monday, acting on a tip-off, an STF team was waiting for Shaikh at the Esplanade bus terminus. When he got down from a bus, STF personnel surrounded him.After checking his bag, 250 fake notes of Rs 2,000 denomination were found. The investigators are suspecting that Majibur might have connection with international FICN rackets.last_img read more

Rolling Out an IP Telephony System

first_img Enroll Now for Free An IP telephony (IPT) system can provide small businesses with many tangible benefits. One small-business owner I know said staff productivity went up 65 percent after installing an IPT system, because workers weren’t wasting time tracking down colleagues or manually transferring calls from one desk to another.If you’re considering an upgrade to your phone system, read on. I’ll be taking a look at which business functions you should consider in an IPT solution and how you can successfully and cost-effectively deploy such a system. For more background on IPT, check out last month’s column, ” Building a Better Communications System ,” which provided an overview of small-business phone systems, including IPT solutions, with an eye toward helping you decide which one is right for your company.Determining Your ObjectivesBefore making any changes to your existing phone system, you should answer two key questions:1. What are the limitations and “pain points” of your current phone system? How does your existing phone system limit your employees and your business? For instance, are employees spending too much time transferring calls or playing voice-mail tag? Are you losing potential customers because they tire of being on hold?2. What are your company’s primary business goals, and is your phone system helping you achieve them? Does your phone system help you serve your customers better? Are you getting the best phone service at the lowest cost possible? Will your phone system grow as your business does?Knowing the answers to these questions will help you coordinate your needs and goals, both current and future, with your IPT system. You’ll know what features and capabilities the phone system needs from the start, and what you’ll likely need down the road. The inherent flexibility of an IP network means you can quickly add new functionality as needed. This will help prevent you from deploying more capabilities than you need–or not enough.Phasing the RolloutTo ensure a smooth transition to an IPT system, it’s best to phase the rollout. Here’s the approach I suggest:Phase 1: Build the foundation. An IPT system requires a converged IP network at its foundation. On a converged IP network, phone calls travel over the internet as data, just like e-mail, instant messages, video and other traffic. Having one network for multiple purposes simplifies your administrative burden and reduces costs, because you no longer need to maintain multiple networks. You’ll also save on telecommunications costs and long-distance charges.An IP network connects a variety of equipment (including computers and phones) using intelligent network devices such as routers and switches. Your data network probably is already connected by routers and/or switches. You just have to make sure that your current network can support your new IPT system. Your routers and switches should have built-in security and the ability to support increased traffic and additional functionality as your company grows.Your IP network also should have “high availability,” meaning there’s minimum downtime. Consider adding a second, redundant IPT server to provide continuity should your phone system’s primary server go down. Your business goals will help you determine what level of redundancy your system needs.Quality of service is important as well. QoS, as it’s often called, simply means that voice and video traffic on the IP network are given a higher priority than data. No one cares if an e-mail message arrives a few seconds late. But frequent delays in relaying your voice after you finish speaking would certainly be noticeable. The more advanced routers for small businesses include QoS as a feature that can be turned on when needed. No equipment upgrade is necessary.In phase 1, you’ll likely have a basic IPT system that provides multiple direct-dial extensions along with voice mail that you can access using a phone, computer or other device. The system also will provide automated messaging and greeting services that perform tasks, such as routing incoming callers to the appropriate extensions.To take full advantage of your IPT system, you should have IP phones. They look similar to traditional business phones, with buttons, handset and cradle. But they connect directly to the IP network, have large screens, and put many of an IP communications system’s features and functionality at the user’s fingertips. Going Beyond the Basics Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now Phase 2: Add more functionality. Once your basic IPT system is up and running smoothly, it may be time to consider enhancing its functionality with new tools and features. Some possibilities include the following:A virtual private network. VPN connectivity allows employees to connect securely over the internet to your business’s IP network from home, a hotel room, a client’s office or other location. With a VPN, workers have mobile, highly secure access to your company’s network for all communications including data, voice, video and fax.Softphones. A softphone is software that allows you to make and receive voice calls on your computer using a connected headset and microphone. You can use your IPT system for voice on your laptop anywhere you’ve got a broadband internet connection.Wireless networking and wireless IP phones. Your IPT system could also include wireless access points, which create a wireless network. Together with wireless IP phones, mobile workers have secure anytime, anywhere access to the IPT system. For example, using a wireless IP phone, a store clerk assisting a customer on the floor could quickly access the store’s database to see if an item the customer wants is in the stockroom, on order or discontinued.Video. On a converged IP network, it’s easier and more affordable than you’d think to add video-enabled applications, because support for video is built into the network. Also, advanced routers for small businesses enable you to add video applications to the network without an expensive equipment upgrade. Even though you may assume you don’t need video, you might be surprised how effective it can be at improving operations, sales, customer relations and other areas. With a video conference, for example, you could demonstrate a new product in development to the far-flung members of your remote sales force. Video on your IPT system could also allow you to monitor a remote site, such as a small store, to assess staff performance.Applications that support integrated voice and data. Some applications developed for IPT systems integrate applications, such as instant messaging, calendaring and presence (the ability to see if an individual in your organization is online) with audio or video conferencing. By quickly identifying which members of your team are at their desks through a presence application, you can easily set up ad hoc conference calls with remote staff and exchange information via instant messaging during the conference.Contact centers. An IPT system can provide the foundation for creating a contact center to streamline communications with customers. Contact center technology provides sophisticated call routing and the ability to have online chats with customers and to deliver messages to callers informing them of expected hold time, among other features.Advanced security. In phase 1, your IP network routers provide the security you need. But as you add functionality, you should also add security appliances, such as dedicated firewall devices that provide even more layers of protection.Phase 3: Tie in business applications. In phase 3, you might consider integrating business applications into your IPT system. It’s easy and inexpensive to accomplish and can help make your small business look big to outsiders.For example, you could tie integrated voice response (IVR) software to your IPT system. IVR technology provides voice prompts to incoming callers. A caller responds to the prompts either by speaking or using the telephone keypad. The responses provide valuable information about the caller’s reasons for contacting the company, which is delivered to a contact center operator before he or she even answers the call.Many small businesses have connected a customer relationship management (CRM) system to their IPT solution to better understand their customers’ habits and needs. CRM software provides a database for capturing and analyzing information about your customers. Linking CRM and IPT can enhance customer satisfaction–and that often leads to increased sales. For instance, when a call comes in, a pop-up window of the customer contact record appears on a contact center representative’s IP phone screen, computer display or both. Before the second ring, the representative has access to information about the customer who’s calling, such as orders pending and recent returns. Having instant access to an incoming caller’s record can lead to faster problem resolution as well as increased sales. For instance, the call center representative may notice the caller hasn’t ordered a particular product lately and could provide the caller with a discount on the spot.As with phase 2, you should increase security on your network in phase 3–especially if you link a CRM solution to your IPT system. In fact, for some industries, such as health care, retail and financial services, there are strict regulations regarding the security of computerized customer records.Managing the IPT SystemIf any of this seems daunting to you, don’t worry. A small-business IPT system can provide plug-and-play functionality, which helps reduce setup time and optimize network settings. Look for a system with an intuitive interface that allows for quick configurations of telephony, messaging, switching, wireless LAN, firewall, security services and other elements. Many value-added resellers specializing in IPT systems can help you implement the system that’s right for your business.Also, keep in mind you don’t need to spend thousands upfront or add an IPT specialist to your payroll. A hosted or managed IPT system will provide you with IPT equipment and expertise at affordable monthly rates.The bottom line: An IPT system is easier than you might think to acquire, deploy and maintain. And it can go a long way toward making your small business look–and become–big. This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.last_img read more